Increasing climate action through global cooperation

 United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on April 20 called for increased action against climate change through global cooperation.

In his video address to the 4th Forum of Major Economies on Energy and Climate, taking place online, Mr. Guterres emphasized the need for the world to step up climate action through cooperation. work. This means that countries need to overcome disagreements, differences and tensions. Geopolitical contradictions cannot prevent the world's fight against climate change to curb the global warming momentum to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The UN Secretary-General stated that the major economies are the major emitters. In the context that the world is facing a major climate challenge, current policies will increase the world temperature by more than 2.8 degrees Celsius and this is "a death sentence".

According to Mr. Guterres, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has claimed that it is possible to limit the temperature increase of the Earth to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, but only if the world does. "breakthrough" in climate action. Therefore, achieving this depends on the major economies.

The head of the United Nations also called for increased action on three areas: carbon neutrality deadlines, phasing out fossil fuels and strengthening climate justice through reform of the international financial system. Specifically, developed countries need to commit to bringing net emissions to zero as close to 2040 as possible, while developing countries need to make a commitment to achieve this as close to 2050 as possible. All countries around the world need to step up their national climate action plans, or under the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) initiative, to achieve the goal of curbing Earth's warming to 1 ,5 ° C.

Besides, the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) need to phase out coal gradually by 2030, while all countries need to achieve this by 2040. terminate all licensing or funding in both the public and private sectors for new fossil fuel projects; ensure net emissions in the electricity generation sector to zero by 2035 for developed countries and by 2040 for other countries; accelerate decarbonization in industries from transportation, aviation and steel to cement, aluminum and agriculture in close cooperation with the private sector; carbon pricing.

In addition, the leaders of the major economies, as major shareholders of the multilateral development banks, need to foster cooperation while rethinking business models and approaches. approach to risk, to strengthen climate action and sustainable development. Developed countries need to fulfill their commitments made at UN climate change conferences.